Indian Polity for NTA UGC NET JRF Paper 1

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1.Which of the following words is not included in the Preamble of the Constitution of India?

[A] Equality
[B] Liberty
[C] Sanctity
[D] Justice

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 3
Explanation: WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, are having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN, SOCIALIST, SECULAR, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this 26th day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION. ©navclasses




2.Which among the following is the constitutional body appointed by the president, every five years to review centre state financial relationships?

[A] Finance Commission
[B] Inter State Commission
[C] Inter State Council
[D] Zonal Council

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 1
Explanation: Finance Commission of India is established by President of India as per Article 280 of the constitution. Article 280 reads: President should, within two years of commencement of the Constitution and thereafter on expiry of every 5th year, or at such intervals as he/ she thinks necessary, would constitute a Finance Commission. ©navclasses




3.In which year, first general elections to Lok Sabha were held in India?

[A] 1948
[B] 1949
[C] 1950
[D] 1951

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 4
Explanation: The first general elections to elect members of Lok Sabha were held between October 25, 1951 and March 27, 1952. The result was election of India’s first Lok Sabha. The election was won by Indian National Congress and consequently, Jawaharlal Nehru became India’s first democratically elected Prime Minister. ©navclasses




4.In which year, the first meeting of Rajya Sabha was held in Independent India?

[A] 1950
[B] 1952
[C] 1953
[D] 1954

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 2
Explanation: The first meeting of Council of State was held on 13 May 1952. However, The Rajya Sabha, its Hindi nomenclature was adopted in 23 August, 1954. ©navclasses




5.What is the upper limit of election expense in a parliamentary constituency?

[A] 10 lakhs
[B] 25 lakhs
[C] 70 lakhs
[D] 1 cr

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 3
Explanation: As per the current norms, the maximum limit of election expenses per candidate is as follows: Lok Sabha Constituencies
70 Lakh for all States except Arunachal Pradesh, Goa and Sikkim.
54 Lakh for Arunachal Pradesh, Goa and Sikkim = 54.00 Lakhs
70 Lakh for NCT of Delhi
54 Lakh for other Union Territories.
Assembly Constituencies
28 Lakh for bigger states and NCT of Delhi
20 Lakh for smaller states and UTs.
©navclasses




6.Which of the following provisions of the constitution did not come into force on November 26, 1949?

[A] Provisions relating to citizenship
[B] Provisions relating to elections
[C] Fundamental rights
[D] None of the above

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 3
Explanation: Though the constitution came into force on 26th Nov 1950. Some provisions relating to citizenship, Elections, Provisional Parliament, temporary and transitional provisions were given immediate effect of 26th Nov 1949 The articles which came into force on 26th Nov 1949 include articles 5, 6, 8, 9, 60, 324, 366, 372, 388, 391, 392 and 393 ©navclasses




7.Who among the following was the Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly ?

[A] Sachidanand Sinha
[B] B N Rao
[C] H N Kunzuru
[D] V N Menon

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 2
Explanation: Sir Benegal Narsing Rau (1887-1953) or Sir B. N. Rau served as the Constitutional Adviser to the Constituent Assembly. His task was to advise the assembly on general structure of democratic framework of India’s Constitution. ©navclasses




8.In which year Manipur and Tripura became full-fledged state of India?

[A] 1962
[B] 1968
[C] 1972
[D] 1980

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  Answer 3
Explanation: Tripura, Manipur, and Meghalaya became full-fledged states of India on 21 January, 1972, under the North Eastern Region (Re-organisation) Act, 1971 ©navclasses




9.Which among the following amendment acts is also called as a Mini constitution?

[A] 52nd Amendment Act 1985
[B] 42nd Amendment Act 1976
[C] 1st Amendment Act 1951
[D] 44thnd Amendment Act 1978

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 2
Explanation: The 42nd Amendment of Indian Constitution is most comprehensive amendment to the Constitution and carried out major changes. It is also known as “mini constitution”. ©navclasses




10.Which among the following fundamental rights is available to Indian Citizens but not to aliens?

[A] Freedom of expression and speech
[B] Equality before Law
[C] Protection of life & liberty
[D] None of the above

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 1
Explanation: Following fundamental Rights available to only citizens and not foreigners:
Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth (Article 15)Equality
of opportunity in matters of public employment (Article 16).
Six basic freedoms subject to reasonable restrictions (Article 19).
Protection of language, script and culture of minorities (Article 29).
Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions (Article 30)
©navclasses
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