Indian Polity for NTA UGC NET JRF Paper 1

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1.Which among the following authorities decides , how far the fundamental rights can apply to the members of the armed forces in India?

[A] President of India
[B] Parliament of India
[C] Arms Forces themselves
[D] Arms Forces Tribunal

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  Answer 2
Explanation: To decide far the fundamental rights can apply to the members of the armed forces in India, is the prerogative of the Parliament under Article 33 & 34. These articles empower the Parliament to restrict, modify or abrogate the fundamental rights to the members of armed forces, para-military forces, police forces, members of intelligence agencies or similar services. ©navclasses




2.What is the tenure of individual Rajya Sabha members?

[A] 3 years
[B] 4 years
[C] 5 years
[D] 6 years

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  Answer 4
Explanation: Rajya Sabha has an indefinite term and not subject to dissolution (Article 83.1). The term of an Individual Rajya Sabha member is 6 years and one third of its members retire every two years, in accordance with the rules as prescribed by the parliament of India. ©navclasses




3.What can be the maximum number of members of the Lok Sabha ?

[A] 545
[B] 550
[C] 552
[D] 560

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  Answer 3
Explanation: Lok Sabha is the lower house of the parliament which represents people. Article 81 deals with the Composition of the Lok Sabha. The maximum strength of Lok Sabha is 552 members of which 530 are elected from states, 20 are elected from Union Territories and 2 were so far (till 2019) nominated by President from Anglo-Indian community. ©navclasses




4.What is the correct chronological order of creation of Assam, Nagaland, Goa & Mizoram?

[A] Assam, Nagaland, Goa , Mizoram
[B] Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland,. Goa
[C] Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, Goa
[D] Assam, Goa, Mizoram, Nagaland

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  Answer 3
Explanation: Nagaland was formed in 1963
Mizoram was formed in 20th Feb1987
Goa as a state was formed in 30th May 1987
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5.Under article 368 the Indian Constitution provide methods of Amendment of different portions of the constitution?

[A] 1
[B] 2
[C] 3
[D] 4

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  Answer 3
Explanation: The three methods of amendment of the constitution are as follows:
By Simple Majority of Parliament Some changes such as admission, formation of new states and making changes into territorial boundaries of the states, abolition and creation of legislative councils etc. can be done like any other ordinary law by simple majority.
By Special Majority of the Parliament Most of the provisions of the constitution need to be amended by special majority i.e. majority of more than 50% of total membership and 2/3rd members present and voting. Some of the amendments included in it are Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles etc.
By Special Majority of the Parliament and Ratification by half of the State Legislatures There are a few provisions in which interest of the states and federal features of the constitution may be involved. Such bills first need to be passed on both the houses of the parliament and then need to secure ratification by half of the state legislatures. Examples include those related to Centre-State Relations, Election of the President etc.
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6.Which part of the Indian constitution deals with Trade, Commerce and Inter Course within the territories of India?

[A] Part XII
[B] Part XIII
[C] Part XIV
[D] Part XV

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  Answer 2
Explanation: Part XIII (Articles 301-307) deals with freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse. The articles in this part provide for power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce and intercourse and restrictions on the legislative powers of the Union and of the States with regard to trade and commerce. ©navclasses




7.Which of the following are the conditions for acquiring Indian Citizenship?

[A] Domicile and Descent
[B] Domicile, Descent & Registration
[C] Domicile, Decent , Registration and Holding property
[D] None of the above

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  Answer 2
Explanation: Constitution of India did not codify permanent laws for citizenship and put this onus on parliament. Using the powers of article 10 and 11, the parliament enacted Citizenship Act 1955 which has been amended from time to time. This act mentions four ways in which a person may be Indian citizen viz. by birth, by descent, by registration and by naturalization. Citizenship by birth and descent are called natural citizens. ©navclasses




8.The Amindivi islands consist of five islands of which of the Union Territory ?

[A] Andaman & Nicobar
[B] Lakshadweep
[C] Pondicherry
[D] Daman & Diu

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  Answer 2
Explanation: The Aminidivi subgroup of islands consists of Amini, Keltan, Chetlat, Kadamat, Bitra, and Perumal Par islands. It is one of the three island subgroups in Lakshadweep and is separated by Laccadive Islands subgroup roughly by the 11th parallel north. ©navclasses




9.Arrange Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Kerala, Maharastra in correct chronological order of creation?

[A] Maharastra, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur
[B] Kerala, Maharastra, Manipur, Himachal Pradesh
[C] Kerala, Maharastra, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur
[D] Maharastra, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, kerala

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  Answer 3
Explanation: Kerala (1956), Maharastra (1960), Himachal Pradesh (1970), Manipur (1971) ©navclasses




10.Which among the following acts provided for a High Commissioner who resided in London, representing India in Great Britain?

[A] Government of India Act 1858
[B] Government of India Act 1909
[C] Government of India Act 1919
[D] Government of India Act 1935

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  Answer 3
Explanation: The Government of India Act, 1919 provided for a high commissioner, who resided in London and represented India in Great Britain. ©navclasses
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