Since the year 2005 the International Internet Day has been famously celebrated to commemorate a momentous day in the history of telecommunications and technology.
This was the event of the sending of the first message, first electronic message which was transferred from one computer to another in 1969.
The Internet, defined as a remote connection between two computers, was first achieved on October 29, 1969 (just a few months after Neil Armstrong took the first steps on the moon).
In the glow of a green monochrome screen deep in the bowels of the computer science department at UCLA(University of California, Los Angeles), a young graduate student picked up his phone and called the computer lab at Stanford.
- He is preparing to send the first message over an Internet connection.
- The men on either end of the phone are Charley Kline and Bill Duvall.
While not as famous as Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldren, Leonard Kleinrock, Charley Kline and Bill Duvall were the key players in the first Internet connection.
Working on the ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network), a network funded by the US Defense Department that connected four independent terminals installed at ULCA, Stanford, the University of California-Santa Barbara and the University of Utah, Charley Kline attempted to send login information from UCLA to Bill Duvall at Stanford.
It almost worked, too. Kleinrock attempted to send the word “login”, and he managed to send “L” and “O” before the connection between the terminals crashed.
The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet-switching network and the first network to implement the TCP/IP protocol suite. Both technologies became the technical foundation of the Internet.
- Leonard Kleinrock, Charley Kline, and Bill Duvall were the key players in the first Internet connection.
- The World Wide Web (often used synonymously, but incorrectly, with the internet itself) became possible in 1989. It began with the invention of Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) by Tim Berners-Lee, a British scientist at CERN.
- No one is sure who the first person who used the term “spam” was, but someone created a keyboard macro program to type the words SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM repeatedly every few seconds to imitate the Monty Python sketch.
Theme 2019: Bridging the standardization gap
This year, we celebrate the 50th anniversary of World Telecommunication and Information Society Day which has been celebrated annually since 1969.
The Day marks the founding of ITU ( International Telecommunication Union), on 17 May 1865 when the first International Telegraph Convention was signed in Paris.
To help students make the right career choices, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT) have launched an online aptitude test called as ‘Tamanna’ (Try And Measure Aptitude And Natural Abilities).
The CBSE (Know your aptitude) KYA exam will assess a student’s weaknesses and strengths in academics.
Tamanna is an aptitude test that aims at helping students of Class 9 and 10 make a better choice of subjects, eventually helping them in making an informed decision while choosing subjects in Class 11 and 12.
The registration process for KYA will begin from January 29, 2020 on its official website – cbse.nic.in
CBSE conducted piloting of the test with 17,000 students of Class 9th and 10th across the country.
Note for students and parents: Tamanna provides information about strengths of students and there is no pass or fail in this test.
It should be taken voluntarily by interested students and must not be used to impose any subject, courses of study and/or vocations etc. on the students.