People & Environment for NTA UGC NET JRF Paper 1

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1.Which of the following organ / tissue of human body is most sensitive to intake of lead?

[A] Blood
[B] Brain
[C] Kidney
[D] Lungs

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 2
Explanation: Brain is the most sensitive part in human body with respect to lead poisoning. ©navclasses

 

2.Which of the following is an ex situ mode of wildlife conservation?

[A] Sacred Groves
[B] Home Gardens
[C] National Parks
[D] Biosphere Reserves

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  Answer 2
Explanation: Sacred Groves, National Parks and other protected area, biosphere reserves etc. are in-situ modes of wildlife conservation. ©navclasses

 

3.“Dancing Deer” is found in which of the following states of India?

[A] Gujarat
[B] Manipur
[C] Tamil Nadu
[D] Jammu & Kashmir

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 2
Explanation: Dancing Deer is the popular name of Sangai Deer, which is found only in Keibul Lamjao National Park (KLNP) in Loktak Lake in Manipur. Loktak is known for Phumdis (floating vegetation) and the deer often needs to balance itself on them, so it appears that they are dancing. ©navclasses

 

4.Clouded Leopard National Park is located in which state?

[A] Jammu & Kashmir
[B] Uttarakhand
[C] Sikkim
[D] Tripura

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  Answer 4
Explanation: Clouded Leopard National Park is a national park in the Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary Tripura, India. It covers an area of about 5.08 square kilometres. ©navclasses

 

5.The 2017 Global Tiger Day (GTD) is observed on which date?

[A] July 28
[B] July 29
[C] July 27
[D] July 30

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 2
Explanation: The International Tiger Day (ITD) is observed every year on July 29 to raise awareness for tiger conservation. The day is also known as Global Tiger Day (GTD). The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has stated that only 3,890 tigers are left in the world. Of them, India has the highest number. Till July 2016, there were 2,500 tigers in the country. ©navclasses

 

6.The “Hkakabo Razi” which is famous for Hkakabo Razi National Park, is a border tripoint between which among the following countries?

[A] India-Nepal-China
[B] India-Bhutan-China
[C] India-Bangladesh-Myanmar
[D] India-China-Myanmar

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 4
Explanation: Hkakabo Razi (5881 meters) is located in the northern Myanmar near the border tripoint with India and China. It is enclosed with Khakaborazi National Park. It is rich in flora and fauna ranging from tropical to alpine species. ©navclasses

 

7.Red Data Book is published by ___-?

[A] United Nations Environment Programme
[B] World Wildlife Fund
[C] World Environment Facility
[D] International Union For The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 4
Explanation: The World Conservation Union, formerly International Union for the Conservation Health of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) has enlisted endangered plants and animals in the Red Data Book. ©navclasses

 

8.To Catalyze a Transition to a Low Carbon World, Climate Neutral Network (CN Net) was launched in 2008 by which of the following ?

[A] Green Building Council
[B] United Nations Environment Programme
[C] Global Environment Facility
[D] Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

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  Answer 2
Explanation: Climate Neutral Network was launched in 2008 during the meeting of United Nations Environment Programme Governing Council in Monaco. 4 countries, 4 cities and 5 companies were present in the meeting. ©navclasses

 

9.Mudumalai and Anamalai Tiger Reserve, which received the global elite tag for best tiger conservation practices, are located in which state?

[A] Telangana
[B] Andhra Pradesh
[C] Karnataka
[D] Tamil Nadu

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 4
Explanation: Anamalai Tiger Reserve located at Pollachi near Coimbatore, one of the largest landscapes in the south of Palghat Gap with 4000 sq km of protected area, and the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve in the Nilgiris, a bio-diversity hotspot of the Western Ghats have now earned a global elite tag in tiger conservation. They are located in Tamil Nadu.
It is the Conservation Assured Tiger Standards (CATS) status, a conservation tool for best practices and standards to manage tigers.
Only 14 reserves made the cut including Parambikulam in Kerala, Bandipur in Karnataka, and Manas, Kaziranga and Orang in Assam, for the accreditation exercise by India’s National Tiger Conservation Authority under CATS.
Well-known reserves like Corbett, Ranthambore and Bandhavgarh did not get the tag.
©navclasses

 

10.Which is the first major city in India, to release a Climate Action Plan?

[A] Mumbai
[B] New Delhi
[C] Kochi
[D] Ahmadabad

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 1
Explanation: The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) is drafting a Mumbai Climate Action Plan (MCAP) to tackle climate challenges.
BMC also recently launched a website for the same.
The Climate Action plan focusses on six areas — sustainable waste management, urban greening and biodiversity, urban flooding and water resource management, building energy efficiency, air quality, and sustainable mobility.
The plan is expected to be ready by November ahead of the United Nations Climate Change (COP26) conference.
©navclasses
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