People & Environment for NTA UGC NET JRF Paper 1

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1.“Dancing Deer” is found in which of the following states of India?

[A] Gujarat
[B] Manipur
[C] Tamil Nadu
[D] Jammu & Kashmir

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 2
Explanation: Dancing Deer is the popular name of Sangai Deer, which is found only in Keibul Lamjao National Park (KLNP) in Loktak Lake in Manipur. Loktak is known for Phumdis (floating vegetation) and the deer often needs to balance itself on them, so it appears that they are dancing. ©navclasses

 

2. Which of the following is not a primary greenhouse gas found in earth’s atmosphere?

[A] Carbon dioxide
[B] Methane
[C] Water vapour
[D] Nitrogen oxides (NOx)

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 4
Explanation: A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range. The primary greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere are water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone. Nitrogen oxides (NOx) act as indirect greenhouse gases by producing the tropospheric greenhouse gas ‘ozone’ via photochemical reactions in the atmosphere. ©navclasses

 

3. The 2017 Global Tiger Day (GTD) is observed on which date?

[A] July 28
[B] July 29
[C] July 27
[D] July 30

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 2
Explanation: The International Tiger Day (ITD) is observed every year on July 29 to raise awareness for tiger conservation. The day is also known as Global Tiger Day (GTD). The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has stated that only 3,890 tigers are left in the world. Of them, India has the highest number. Till July 2016, there were 2,500 tigers in the country. ©navclasses

 

4. Which one of the following committee was constituted to review environmental laws in the country?

[A] Subramanian Committee
[B] Kasturi Rangan Committee
[C] Madhav Nair Committee
[D] Ullas Karanth Committee

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 1
Explanation: T S R Subramanian Committee was constituted to review environmental laws in India. The committee has submitted its recommendations to the government recently. ©navclasses

 

5. The Red List of IUCN provides the list of which of the following?

[A] GM plants
[B] Dangerous plant species
[C] Threatened species
[D] Dangerous animal species

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 3
Explanation: The Red List of IUCN provides the list of threatened species. It is recognized as the most comprehensive, objective global approach for evaluating the conservation status of plant and animal species. It was founded in 1964 by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which is the world’s main authority on the conservation status of species. ©navclasses

 

6. Which among the following is responsible for depletion of Ozone?

[A] Carbon monoxide
[B] Carbon dioxide
[C] Chlorofluoro carbon
[D] Mercuric oxide

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 3
Explanation: Ozone molecules got destroyed when the chlorine and bromine atoms come into contact with ozone in the atmospheric layer of stratosphere. CFC (Chlorofluoro carbon) slowly moves upward to the stratosphere and are broken up by ultraviolet radiation, which releases chlorine atoms. ©navclasses

 

7. Which among the following area in India has the largest number of endemic plant species?

[A] Himalayan Region
[B] Malabar Region
[C] Gangetic Plains
[D] Western Ghats

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 4
Explanation: The Western Ghats (Sahyadri) covers a total area of 140,000 sq km. It is a part of the states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. The largest numbers of endemic plant species are found here. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a hot-spot of biological diversity. ©navclasses

 

8. With which of the following is related CITES in context with the global issues today?

[A] Environment Protection
[B] Financial Slowdown
[C] Poverty Alleviation Programmes of United Nations
[D] Information Technology

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 1
Explanation: CITES is Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, also known as the Washington Convention signed in 1973 ©navclasses

 

9. Which among the following World Heritage site of India is owned by two states?

[A] Valley of Flowers National Park
[B] Mountain Railways of India
[C] Sundarbans National Park
[D] Kalka-Shimla Railway

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 4
Explanation: Kalka is in Panchkula Haryana and shimla all of you know. Kalka Shimla Railway spreads in Haryana and Himachal Pradesh,
Valley of Flowers National Park is located in Uttarakhand,
Mountain Railways of India are in Darjeeling,
Sundarbans National Park isn West Bengal and
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park is in Gujarat.
©navclasses

 

10. Consider the following statements:
1 National Tiger Conservation Authority is an statutory authority with legal backing to ensure tiger conservation.
2 Project Tiger had no statutory status
Which among the above statements is / are correct?

[A] 1 only
[B] 2 only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

SHOW ANSWER
  Answer 3
Explanation: In the year 2005, the National Tiger Conservation Authority was established. It is a statutory authority with legal backing to ensure tiger conservation. Project Tiger was launched in 1973. It had no statutory status. ©navclasses

 

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