Swachh Survekshan Ranking 2019 NTA UGC NET JRF General awareness Paper 1

The Swachh Survekshan League 2020 has been launched with the aim of sustaining the on-ground performance of cities.

Objectives of Swachh Survekshan

  • The annual cleanliness survey aims to encourage large scale participation of citizens in cleanliness drives.
  • It aims to ensure sustainability of initiatives taken towards garbage free and open defecation free cities.
  • It aims to create awareness among all sections of the society regarding the importance of working together towards making towns and cities a better place to live in.
  • The survey also aims to foster healthy competition among towns and cities to improve their service delivery to citizens, towards creating cleaner cities.

About Swachh Survekshan Survey

  • The first edition of the annual cleanliness survey was conducted in January 2016. It involved the ranking of 73 cities.
  • The ‘Swachh Survekshan-2017’ was conducted for 434 cities in January-February 2017.
  • The third edition of the survey, which was held in 2018, was conducted across 4,203 cities in 66 days. It became the largest-ever pan-India sanitation survey in the world.
  • The fourth edition of the cleanliness survey, Swachh Survekshan 2019 covered 4237 cities in a record time of 28 days. The survey was fully digitized and paperless.
  • While Mysuru was judged as the cleanest city in India in the 2016  Swachh Survekshan, Indore was ranked as the cleanest city in India in the last three editions of the annual cleanliness survey.

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), Government of India, is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to the housing and urban development in India

Sources and Methods of Data Collection The data to be collected for ranking of the cities shall be segregated into 4 main areas: 

  1. Collection of data from online MIS portal of MoHUA for Service Level Progress 
  2. Collection of data from Direct Observation 
  3. Collection of data from Citizen Feedback 
  4. Certifications for Garbage Free Cities and Open Defecation Free Cities 

Swachh Survekshan is a ranking exercise taken up by the Government of India to assess rural and urban areas for their levels of cleanliness and active implementation of Swachhata mission initiatives in a timely and innovative manner.

The Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India takes up the Swachh Survekshan in urban areas and the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation in rural areas. The Quality Council of India (QCI) has been commissioned the responsibility of carrying out the assessment.

Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2019

The Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Ministry of Jal Shakti (DDWS) has decided to undertake “Swachh Survekshan Grameen- in year 2019 and again in year 2020 to provide national ranking of all districts and States of India on the basis of quantitative and qualitative sanitation (Swachhata) parameters. 

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