NTA NET JRF || Most Important topics इनको छोड़कर मत जाना || इस बार JRF लेकर रहेंगे

Teaching Aptitude

  • Levels of teaching (Memory Understanding and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements.
  • Learner’s characteristics
  • Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centred vs. Learner centred methods; Off-line vs. On-line methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.).
  • Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.

Unit-II Research Aptitude


  • Research Types
  • Positivism and Post positivist approach to research.
  • Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, ethnographic, Qualitative and Quantitative methods.
  • Steps of Research.
  • Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing.
  • Application of ICT in research.
  • Research ethics.


Unit-III Comprehension


  • Practice at least once in week



Unit-IV Communication


  • Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, 
  • Inter-Cultural and group communications, 
  • Classroom communication.
  • Barriers to effective communication.
  • Mass-Media and Society- Assertion based General awareness
  • Para language


Unit-V Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude



  • Number series, 
  • Letter series, 
  • Codes and Relationships.
  • Fraction, 
  • Time & Distance, Ratio, 
  • Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, 
  • Interest and Discounting, Averages
  • Age based
  • Blood relation
  • Direction 
  • Short puzzle


Unit-VI Logical Reasoning



  • Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, structure of categorical propositions, 
  • Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies,
  • Uses of language, Connotations and denotations of terms, 
  • Classical square of opposition, syllogism.
  • Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.
  • Analogies.


Indian Logic: Means of knowledge.


  • Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).
  • Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).


Unit-VII Data Interpretation



  • Table-chart 


Unit-VIII Information and Communication Technology (ICT)


  • ICT: General abbreviations.
  • Basics of Internet, Intranet, 
  • E-mail, 
  • Audio and Video-conferencing.
  • Digital initiatives in higher education.
  • ICT and Governance.
  • Printers 
  • Input output devices
  • Conversion in decimal, binary, signed
  • Kb mb etc hierarchy 


Unit-IX People, Development and Environment


  • Millennium development and Sustainable development goals.
  • Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water
  • pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), 
  • Climate change and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions.
  • Impacts of pollutants on human health.
  • Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal,
  • Biomass, Nuclear and Forests.



  • Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies.
  • Environmental Protection Act (1986), 
  • National Action Plan on Climate Change, 
  • Montreal Protocol, 
  • Rio Summit,
  • Convention on Biodiversity, 
  • Kyoto Protocol, 
  • Paris Agreement, 
  • International Solar Alliance.
  • General awareness


Unit-X Higher Education System


  • Institutions in ancient India.
  • Evolution in Post Independence India.
  • Oriental, Conventional and Non-conventional learning programmes in India.
  • Professional, Technical and Skill Based education.
  • Value education and environmental education.
  • Governance
  • General awareness


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