People & Environment for NTA UGC NET JRF Paper 1

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1.The Gangotri National Park (GNP) is located in which state?

[D] West Bengal

  Answer 3
Explanation: The Gangotri National Park (GNP) is located in the upper catchment of Bhagirathi river in the Uttarkashi District of Uttrakhand and covers an area of about 2,390 square km. The park is home to the snow leopard, ibex, tahr, himalayan barbet, serow, pheasants, partridges, doves, pigeons, etc. It provides majestic beauty of coniferous forests and grandeur of glacial world combined with lush green meadows. ©navclasses

2. The Shirui National Park (SNP) is located in which state?

[A]Himachal Pradesh
[B]Jammu & Kashmir
[D] Manipur

  Answer 4
Explanation: The Shirui National Park (SNP) is located in the state of Manipur. It has dense tropical forests all over and temperate forest in the hilltops. The park is famous for shirui lily (Lilium maclineae) that grows naturally. The main peak of Shirui abounds with flowers during the monsoon and it is a veritable paradise. It is home to tragopan, the tiger, leopard, etc. ©navclasses

3.The Phrumsengla National Park (PNP) is located in which country?

[A] Bhutan
[B] Sri Lanka
[C] Japan
[D] Singapore

  Answer 1
Explanation: The Phrumsengla National Park (PNP) is located in Bumthang, Lhuntse, Mongar and Zhemgang districts of Bhutan and covers an area of 905.05 square kilometers. The park is home to six species of threatened birds: the rufous-necked hornbill, rufous-throated wren-babbler, satyr tragopan, beautiful nuthatch, Ward’s trogon and Chestnut-breasted partridge as well as the near-threatened wedge billed wren babbler. It has scenic views, including forests ranging with elevations from alpine to sub-tropical. ©navclasses

4.Which among the following verities of Fishes is insectivorous?

[A] Hilsa
[B] Gambusia
[C] Labeo
[D] Katla

  Answer 2
Explanation: Gambusia is a large genus of fish in family Poeciliidae. Gambusia species are also known as mosquito fish, which, refers more specifically to two species, G. Affinis and G. Holbrooki. These can be introduced into ponds to eat mosquito larvae. That’s why, Insectivorous fish used for mosquito control is Gambusia. ©navclasses

5.Which of the following is considered as the secondary pollutant?

[A] Ozone
[B] Benzene
[C] Sulphur dioxide
[D] Carbon monoxide

  Answer 1
Explanation: Primary pollutants are directly emitted from the sources. Examples of primary pollutants are carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide and benzene etc. Secondary pollutants are not emitted directly. They are formed from the combination of primary pollutants with some other compound. Examples of secondary pollutants are Ozone, Formaldehyde, PAN (peroxy acetyl nitrate) and Smog etc. ©navclasses

6.The Lakh Bahosi Sanctuary (LBS) is located in which state of India?

[A] Madhya Pradesh
[B] Odisha
[C] Uttar Pradesh
[D] Jharkhand

  Answer 3
Explanation: The Lakh Bahosi Sanctuary (LBS) is a bird sanctuary spread over two jheels near the villages of Lakh and Bahosi in Kannauj district, Uttar Pradesh and is spread over 3 square kilometres. The sanctuary is home to various migratory birds from November to March. Jackal, blue bull, mongoose, fishing cat and monkeys may also be spotted here. The best time to visit is December to February. ©navclasses

7.Which among the following area in India has the largest number of endemic plant species?

[A] Himalayan Region
[B] Malabar Region
[C] Gangetic Plains
[D] Western Ghats

  Answer 4
Explanation: The Western Ghats (Sahyadri) covers a total area of 140,000 sq km. It is a part of the states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. The largest numbers of endemic plant species are found here. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a hot-spot of biological diversity. ©navclasses

8.Who among the following chairs the National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) in India?

[A] Prime Minister
[B] Minister of Environment & Forest
[C] Environment Secretary
[D] A renowned environmentalist of the country

  Answer 1
Explanation: National Board for Wild Life is a “Statutory Organization” constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. Theoretically, the board is “advisory” in nature and advises the Central Government on framing policies and measures for conservation of wildlife in the country. However, it is a very important body because it serves as apex body to review all wildlife-related matters and approve projects in and around national parks and sanctuaries. It is chaired by India’s Prime Minister and its vice chairman is Minister of Environment. ©navclasses

9.With which of the following LULUCF is most closely related?

[A] Agriculture
[B] Environment Conservation
[C] GHG Emission Control
[D] Carbon Trade

  Answer 3
Explanation: Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) ©navclasses

10.The establishment of Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ) enshrines which among the following objectives ?

[A] Protection from Pollution
[B] Tourism Development
[C] Economy Hub
[D] Transportation facilities

  Answer 1
Explanation: Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ) covers an area of 10,400 sq km around the Taj Mahal. Its objective is to protect the monument from pollution. ©navclasses

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