30 Sept 2020 (People & Environment and ICT) Second Shift NTA UGC NET JRF Question paper, Answer key

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1. Under which of the following objectives of millenium development goals, the progress in the world as a whole has been least satisfactory?


1. Halting by 2015 and beginning to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS.
2. Eliminating gender disparity in primary and secondary education by 2015.
3. Reducing the proportion of population below the national poverty line by 2015.
4. Reduced by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger by 2015.
सहस्राब्दी विकास लक्ष्यों के निम्नलिखित में से किस उद्देश्य के तहत, समग्र रूप से दुनिया में प्रगति सबसे कम संतोषजनक रही है?

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  Answer 4 
Explanation: Goal 1: The proportion of people who are hungry by half between 1990 and 2015 Is least achieved as compared to other goals. 
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2. Under Millenium Development Goal 5, maternal mortality ratio between 1990 and 2015 was to be reduced by:


1. 50 %
2. 75 %
3. 66 %
4.40 %
सहस्राब्दी विकास लक्ष्य 5 के तहत, 1990 और 2015 के बीच मातृ मृत्यु अनुपात को कम करना था:

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  Answer 2 
Explanation: Goal 5: Reduce by three quarters (75%), between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio.
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3. According to the classification of Ministry of New and Renewable Energy and Central Electricity Authority of India, small hydro power plants have capacity in the range:


1. 1-25 MW
2. 100-1000 kW
3. 1-50 MW
4.1-100 Kw
नवीन और नवीकरणीय ऊर्जा मंत्रालय और भारतीय केंद्रीय विद्युत प्राधिकरण के वर्गीकरण के अनुसार, छोटे जल विद्युत संयंत्रों की क्षमता सीमा में होती है:

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  Answer 1 
Explanation: The word “small hydro” is used differently around the world, but the maximum capacity is normally between 10 and 30 MW.
In the United States, Canada, and China, the term “small hydro” can be extended up to 50 MW.
Small Hydro Power (SHP) projects in India are hydro projects with station capacities of up to 25 MW.
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4. Identify the correct sequence in increasing order of the carbon content per unit mass of the following reservoirs of carbon in terrestrial environment:

A. Plants
B. Peat
C. Soil organic matter
D. Fossil fuels

1. B, A, C, D
2. A, C, B, D
3. B, C, D, A
4. B, A, D, C
स्थलीय वातावरण में कार्बन के निम्नलिखित जलाशयों के प्रति इकाई द्रव्यमान में कार्बन सामग्री के बढ़ते क्रम में सही क्रम की पहचान करें:
ए पौधे
बी पीट
C. मृदा कार्बनिक पदार्थ
D. जीवाश्म ईंधन

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  Answer 1 
Explanation: Plant organs’ carbon content:
The amount of plant C in different organs differed greatly. The arithmetic mean C content of the reproductive organ, root, leaf, and stem, respectively, was 45.01, 45.64, 46.85, and 47.88 percent.
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5. Assertion A: Lakes are less prone to getting polluted than rivers.
Reason R: Water in lakes gets replaced through natural processes.

In light of the above statements, choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below.

1. Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. Both A and R are correct but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
3. A is correct but R is not correct.
4. A is not correct but R is correct.
अभिकथन A: नदियों की तुलना में झीलों के प्रदूषित होने की संभावना कम होती है।
कारण आर: प्राकृतिक प्रक्रियाओं के माध्यम से झीलों में पानी बदल जाता है।
उपरोक्त कथनों के आलोक में, नीचे दिए गए विकल्पों में से सबसे उपयुक्त उत्तर चुनें।

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  Answer 4  
Explanation: Assertion is wrong because:
Lakes are more prone to pollution due to low flow of water velocity and mixing.
Plant fertilisers, oil, pesticides, and nondegradable hazardous chemicals such as lead, mercury, and arsenic are more prone to contamination in lakes and reservoirs than they are in rivers.
Reason is correct: The natural hydrologic cycle replenishes water by evaporating, transpiring from plants, rising to form clouds, and returning to the earth as precipitation.
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6. What type of device is a joystick?


1. Input
2. Output
3. Memory
4. Processor
जॉयस्टिक किस प्रकार का उपकरण है?

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  Answer 1 
Explanation: Joysticks are input device and are mostly used to control video games
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7. Match List I with List II

A. Software I. Step by step procedure to solve a problem
B. Hardware II. Raw facts and figures
C. Algorithm III. Hard Disk
D. Data IV. Linux
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

1. A-III, B-I, C-II, D-IV
2. A – III, B – II, C-I, D-IV
3. A-IV, B-I, C-II, D-III
4. A – IV, B – III, C-I, D- II
सूची I को सूची II के साथ सुमेलित करें
A. सॉफ़्टवेयर I. किसी समस्या को हल करने के लिए चरण-दर-चरण प्रक्रिया
बी हार्डवेयर II। कच्चे तथ्य और आंकड़े
C. एल्गोरिथम III। हार्ड डिस्क
डी डेटा IV। लिनक्स
नीचे दिए गए विकल्पों में से सही उत्तर चुनें:

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  Answer 4 
Explanation: Linux is system software
Hard Disk is hardware
Algorithm Step by step procedure in form of a flow chart to solve a problem
Data is Raw facts and figures

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8. Which of the following is application software?


1. Android
2. ios
3. Linux
4. MS Word
एंड्रॉइड, आईओएस, लिनक्स सिस्टम सॉफ्टवेयर के तहत ऑपरेटिंग सिस्टम हैं
एमएस वर्ड एक एप्लिकेशन सॉफ्टवेयर है जिसके तहत उपयोगकर्ता टेक्स्ट लिखने की तरह काम कर सकते हैं।

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  Answer 4 
Explanation: Android, ios, Linux are operating system under system software
MS Word is an application software under which users can work like write text.
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9. Match List I with List II

A. Web browser I. Hard Disk
B. Operating system II. Chrome
C. Secondary memory III. MS-Word
D. Application software IV. DOS

1. A – III, B – II, C-I, D-IV
2. A – II, B – IV, C-I, D-III
3. A – III, B – I, C-II, D-IV
4. A – III, B – I, C-IV, D– II
सूची I को सूची II के साथ सुमेलित करें
A. वेब ब्राउज़र I. हार्ड डिस्क
बी ऑपरेटिंग सिस्टम II। क्रोम
C. सेकेंडरी मेमोरी III. एमएस-वर्ड
डी. एप्लीकेशन सॉफ्टवेयर IV. डॉस

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  Answer 2 
Explanation: Example of Web browser are Chrome, Safari, Mozilla Firefox, Opera Mobile  , weetc
Example of Operating system is DOS, Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS, Linux, Android, and Apple’s iOS.
Hard Disk is Secondary memory
Example of Application software are MS-Word, office, paint, PowerPoint, Outlook, photoshop etc 
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10. A research scholar while writing his/her thesis uses ICT at various stages of research conducted. He/she justifies the conceptual errors in interpreting results attributing the same to the specific ICT devices. This will be labelled as


1. Technical incompetence
2. Research design inadequacy
3. Moral and ethical lapse
4. Human error
एक शोधार्थी अपनी थीसिस लिखते समय किए गए अनुसंधान के विभिन्न चरणों में आईसीटी का उपयोग करता है। वह विशिष्ट आईसीटी उपकरणों के कारण परिणामों की व्याख्या करने में वैचारिक त्रुटियों को सही ठहराता है। इसे
. के रूप में लेबल किया जाएगा

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  Answer 1 
Explanation: Here error is coming because of specific ICT devices it means researcher has low knowledge of how to use such devices hence Technical incompetence
Moral and ethical lapse means researcher do not follow ethics like do plagiarism: copy other’s data and represent as own data, researcher is biased in analysis knowingly altering facts or results
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8 thoughts on “30 Sept 2020 (People & Environment and ICT) Second Shift NTA UGC NET JRF Question paper, Answer key”

  1. 1o / 10 ………marks mam aap hr roj quiz Lekar Hamari bahut hi acche tarike se preparation karwa rahe ho man thank you so much
    #navlearner #navclasses #jrfismine

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